Telecommunications Surveillance and Cryptography Regulatory Policy in Africa

Abstract This article examines regulatory policy of cryptography in Africa. Some consider public availability of strong cryptography to be a civil right. Whether used to protect sensitive information or verify identities, individuals and corporations alike benefit from cryptographic software in a world that is becoming increasingly networked.… Read more »


by Frédérique Vallières, Eilish McAuliffe, Isaac Palmer, Edward Magbity, and Allieu S. Bangura   Introduction Sierra Leone is consistently ranked among the countries with the highest maternal mortality ratio (970 per 100,000) and women in Sierra Leone have a 1 in 21 lifetime risk of dying as a result of pregnancy. … Read more »

The hierarchy of poor: the tension between favoring smallholder farmers or domestic consumers in Ethiopian agricultural development

Overview: illustrating the challenge in supporting producers and consumers through agricultural policies A pressing challenge facing Ethiopia today is one that has long been a dilemma facing many African governments. This paper discusses the challenge of supporting smallholder farmers while ensuring benefits for consumers.… Read more »

Equity and Core Concepts of Human Rights in Namibian Health Policies

by Elina Amadhila, Gert Van Rooy, Joanne McVeigh, Hasheem Mannan, Malcolm MacLachlan, and Mutamad Amin Abstract Delivering health services to vulnerable populations is a significant challenge in many countries. Groups vulnerable to social, economic, and environmental challenges may not be considered or may be impacted adversely by the health policies that guide such services.We report on the application of EquiFrame, a novel policy analysis framework, to ten Namibian health policies, representing the top ten health conditions in Namibia identified by the World Health Organization.… Read more »

Where is Libya’s Future Government Elite?

Real regime change in Libya means new leaders and new technocrats. The international community must help train them. In November 2011, Dr. Mahmoud Jibril, former Interim Prime Minister and chair of Libya’s National Transitional Council, opened the Harvard Arab Weekend conference on a pessimistic note: “for 42 years, Qaddafi managed to minimize the government.” Talking about the young revolutionaries, Dr.… Read more »